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BRFSS Health Survey

American Indian/Alaska Native Health Disparities Program Circle of Life multitruyền thông youth education program

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Overview (Demographics): This racial group includes people having origins in any of the original peoples of North, South America, và Central America, who maintain tribal affiliation or community attachment. As of 2017, there were an estimated 5.6 million people who were classified as American Indian and Alaska Native sầu alone or in combination with one or more other races. This racial group comprises 1.7 percent of the total U.S. population.

The 2010 Census reveals that 78 percent of the AI/AN live outside of tribal statistical areas. 22 percent of American Indians & Alaska Natives live on reservations or other trust lands. 60 percent of American Indians và Alaska Natives live in metropolirã areas; this is the lowest metropolitan percentage of any racial group. In 2017, 1.6 million American Indian và Alaska Natives were under the age of 18, which comprised 28.7 percent of this racial group. In 2017, ten states with the largest American Indian/Alaska Native populations were: California, Oklahoma, Arizona, Texas, New Mediteo, Washington, New York, North Carolina, Florida, và Alaska.

Currently, there are 573 federally recognized (AI/AN) tribes, and more than 100 state recognized tribes. There also are tribes that are not state or federally recognized. Federally recognized tribes are provided health and educational assistance through a government agency called Indian Health Service (IHS), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. The IHS operates a comprehensive sầu health service delivery system for approximately 2.2 million American Indians và Alaska Natives. Typically, this urban clientele has less accessibility khổng lồ hospitals, health clinics or contract health services provided by the IHS & tribal health programs. Studies on urban American Indian and Alaska Native populations have sầu documented a frequency of poor health và limited health care options for this group.

Since 1972, IHS has embarked upon a series of initiatives to fund health-related activities in off-reservation settings, which make health care services accessible to urban American Indians & Alaska Natives. Currently, the IHS funds 41 urban Indian health organizations, which operate at sites located in cites throughout the United States. Approximately 70 percent of American Indians và Alaska Natives live in urban areas, và are eligible to utilize this program. The programs administer medical services, dental services, community services, alcohol và drug use prevention, education và treatment, HIV and sexually transmitted disease education and prevention services, mental health services, nutrition education & counseling services, pharmacy services, health education, optometry services, social services, and home health care.

Language Fluency: In 2017, 26.9 percent of American Indians/Alaska Natives alone spoke a language other than English at trang chủ.

Educational Attainment: In 2017, 83.8 percent of American Indians và Alaska Natives alone or in combination had at least a high school diploma, as compared lớn 92.9 percent of non-Hispanic whites. 19.6 percent of American Indians and Alaska Natives age 25 and over had at least a bachelor"s degree, in comparison to 35.8 percent of non-Hispanic whites. 6.8 percent of American Indians & Alaska Natives held an advanced graduate or professional degree, as compared khổng lồ 13.8 percent of the non-Hispanic White population.

Economics: The median household income for American Indian & Alaska Natives is $45,448, as compared to lớn $65,845 for non-Hispanic white households. 30.5 percent of American Indians và Alaska Natives age 16 & over work in management & professional occupations, in comparison khổng lồ 42.9 percent of whites. Also, 21.9 percent of this racial group live sầu at the poverty màn chơi, as compared to lớn 9.6 percent of non-Hispanic whites, in 2017.

Insurance Coverage: In 2017, 51.3 percent of American Indians and Alaska Natives alone or in combination had private health insurance coverage. 43.2 percent of AI/ANs relied on Medicaid or public coverage, & 14.9 percent of AI/ANs had no health insurance coverage. This compares to lớn non-Hispanic whites by 75.4 percent, 33.7 percent, & 5.9 percent respectively.

Health: According to lớn Census Bureau projections, the 2015 life expectancies at birth for American Indians/Alaska Natives are 77.5 years, with 80.3 years for women, và 74.7 years for men. For non-Hispanic whites the projected life expectancies are 79.8 years, with 82.0 years for women, and 77.5 years for men. It is significant to note that American Indians/Alaska Natives frequently contend with issues that prevent them from receiving chất lượng medical care. These issues include cultural barriers, geographic isolation, inadequate sewage disposal, and low income.

Some of the leading diseases & causes of death ahy vọng AI/AN are heart disease, cancer, unintentional injuries (accidents), diabetes, và stroke. American Indians/Alaska Natives also have sầu a high prevalence & risk factors for mental health and suicide, unintentional injuries, obesity, substance use, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), teenage pregnancy, diabetes, liver disease, & hepatitis.

Other Health Concerns: The tuberculosis rate in 2017 was almost 4 times higher for American Indians/Alaska Natives, with an incidence rate of 3.9, as compared to lớn 0.5 for the Trắng population.1

Tribal Leader LettersOMH CHAPhường Statement of Work Announcement OMH CHAPhường Statement of Work Awardee Announcement OMH và CDC Maternal Health Partnership Announcement

For more information about tribal health issues: Indian Health Service Bureau of Indian Affairs Tribal Leaders Directory National Indian Health Board Urban Indian Health Institute

Full Census Reports:

The American Indian và Alaska Native sầu Population: 2010 Native North American Languages Spoken at Home in the United States and Puerkhổng lồ Rico: 2006-2010 Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2017 Income & Poverty in the United States: 2017 Census Bureau, 2018. 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates


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